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Cited literature
  • Chadwick, L.A., Derry, O.A., Vitousek, P.M., Huebert, B.J. and Hedin, L.O., 1999. Changing sources of nutrients during four million years of ecosystem development. Nature, 392: 491-497.
  • Dentener, F.J., Carmichael, J.R., Zhang, Y., Lelieveld, J. and Crutzen, P.J., 1996. Role of mineral aerosol as a reactive surface in the global troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 101: 22869-22889.
  • Garstang, M., Ellery, W.N., McCarthy, T.S., Scholes, M.C., Scholes, R.J., Swap, R.J. and Tyson, P.D., 1998. The contribution of aerosol- and water-borne nutrients to the functioning of the Okavango Delta ecosystem, Botswana. South African Journal of Science, 94: 223-229.
  • Gillette, D.A. and Passi, R., 1988. Modeling dust emission caused by wind erosion. J. Geophys. Res., 93: 14,233-14,242.
  • Hutchins, D.A. and Brunland, K.W., 1998. Iron-limited diatom growth and Si:N uptake ratios in coastal upwelling regime. Nature, 393: 561-564.
  • Levin, Z., Ganor, E. and Gladstein, V., 1996. The effects of desert particles coated with Sulfate on rain formation in the Eastern Mediterranean. J. Appl. Meteor., 35(9): 1511-1523.
  • Liao, H. and Seinfeld, J.H., 1998. Radiative forcing by mineral dust aerosols: sensitivity to key variables. J. Geophys. Res., 103(D24): 31637-31645.
  • Marticorena, B. and Bergametti, G., 1995. Modeling the atmospheric dust cycle 1. design of a soil-derived dust production scheme. J. Geophys. Res., 100: 16415-16430.
  • Prospero, J.M., Ginoux, P., Torres, O., Nicholson, S.E. and Gill, T.E., 2002. Environmental characterization of global sources of atmospheric soil dust identified with the Nimbus 7 Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) absorbing aerosol product. Rev. Geophys., 40(1): 2-1-2-31.
  • Quinn, P.K., Anderson, T.L., Bates, T.S., Dlugi, R., Heintzenberg, J., Hoyningen-Huene von, W., Kulmala, M., Russell, P.B. and Swietlicki, E., 1996. Closure in tropospheric aerosol-climate research: a review and future needs for addressing aerosol direct shortwave radiative forcing. Contr. Atmos. Phys., 69(4): 547-577.
  • Reid, J.S. and Maring, H.B., 2003. Foreword to special section on the Puerto Rico Dust Experiment (PRIDE). J. Geophys. Res., 108(D19): PRD-1.
  • Russell, P.B. and Heintzenberg, J., 2000. An Overview of the ACE 2 Clear Sky Column Closure Experiment (CLEARCOLUMN). Tellus, 52B: 463-483.
  • Sassen, K., 2002. Indirect climate forcing over the western US from Asian dust storms. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(10): art. no. 1465 (page 103 pp).
  • Sassen, K., DeMott, P.J., Prospero, J.M. and Poellot, M.R., 2003. Saharan dust storms and indirect aerosol effects on clouds: CRYSTAL-FACE results. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(12): doi:10.1029/2003GL017371.
  • Shao, Y., Raupach, M.R. and Findlater, P.A., 1993. Effect of saltation bombardment on the entrainment of dust by wind. J. Geophys. Res., 98(D7): 12719-12726.
  • Sokolik, I.N., Winker, D.M., Bergametti, G., Gillette, D.A., Carmichael, G., Kaufman, Y.J., Gomes, L., Schütz, L. and Penner, J.E., 2001. Introduction to special section: Outstanding problems in quantifying the radiative impacts of mineral dust. J. Geophys. Res., 106(D16): 18015-18027.
  • Tanré, D., Haywood, J., Pelon, J., Léon, J.F., Chatenet, B., Formenti, P., Francis, P., Goloub, P., Highwood, E.J. and Myhre, G., 2003. Measurement and modeling of the Saharan dust radiative impact: Overview of the Saharan Dust Experiment (SHADE). J. Geophys. Res., 108(D18): SAH 1.
  • Tegen, I., Werner, M., Harrison, S. and Kohfeld, K., 2003. Small anthropogenic contribution to soil dust aerosol emission. Science: (submitted).
  • Washington, R., Todd, M., Middleton, N.J. and Goudie, A.S., 2003. Dust-storm source areas determined by the Total Ozone Monitoring Spectrometer and surface observations. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 93(2): 297-313.
  • Winker, D.M., Couch, R.H. and McCormick, M.P., 1996. An overview of LITE: NASA´s Lidar In-space Technology Experiment. Proceedings of the IEEE, 84: 164-180.